Инспектор группы
Опубликован: 18.11.2015 | Уровень: для всех | Доступ: платный
Лекция 11:

Parts and stages of a lesson

PLANNING REVIEW

Good planning means:

  1. Being aware of the time you, the teacher, have to deliver your lesson and to achieve your aims.
  2. Specifying your aims and learning outcomes for the lesson, how you intend to put over your teaching point(s) in a coherent manner, and how you will facilitate the learners achieving the declared learning outcomes.
  3. Dividing your lesson up into stages.
  4. Being aware of what the students will be doing at each stage (reading, taking part in group/pair work, listening to a tape etc.)
  5. Choosing suitable situations and activities to exploit the teaching point(s).
  6. Being aware of which lexical items are likely to be used by the students in these situations. (prediction)

Teachers may present the same teaching point in different ways. One teacher may make more use of a textbook than another who might only include textbook material as a last resort. Planning inevitably involves rejection of ideas whatever the source may be as well as acceptance of them. See Unit 3 Module 4.

Lesson planning is not easy. Take it seriously right from the beginning and you will gradually understand its importance and it will become easier. Start off as a lazy planner and you are cheating your students out of the chance to feel secure and succeed.

Look at the following lesson plans as reference for producing your own.

SAMPLE LESSON PLAN ONE - GROUP/CLASS TEACHING

Study the lesson plans which follow, then completeTASK 1.

Level Intermediate Adults
Lesson Duration 1 1/4 hours
Aims To practise the language used in recipes, following instructions, sequencing and talking about favourite dishes.
Learning Outcomes Learners will have demonstrated their ability:
  • to write simple instructions
  • to sequence their instructions appropriately
Assumptions
  • Recognition of Imperative form for instructions
  • Food vocabulary
  • Language of sequencing [first, then, next ....]
Expected Problems Use of 'you must' rather than imperative form

Confusion of articles [Take a carrot , peel the carrot]

Warm Up Bring a carrot or potato into the lesson. Ask students to suggest how you could eat it. Then ask students about their favourite meat or vegetable. Put details on the board in 3 columns.
Vegetables/meat How to prepare How to cook
potatoes peel fry
slice bake
Input Tell the class that your favourite meal is Shepherd's Pie or another food that you know how to prepare. Explain the process, putting the stages on the board using cue cards to help explain vocabulary [ie chop] or realia, and using sequences [first, next ...] Limit to a maximum of 10 stages. Check that the group have understood and can reproduce the instructions orally.

SAMPLE LESSON PLAN ONE (continued)

Practice 1 Pair work Hand out worksheets with pictures of various actions used when cooking [ie fry, mix, add]. Students match the verbs given to the pictures. They then complete a short passage below, putting the correct verb into the correct space to complete the recipe. Teacher monitors.

ie "Take two large potatoes. First ......... the potatoes, then ........ them thinly and ........ gently in hot oil."

Practice 2 Individual work Listening Students listen to someone giving instructions on making a Victoria Sandwich. The steps are given on a worksheet but in the wrong order. Students listen and put stages into the correct order. Students check in pairs. Teacher monitors
Production Students in groups prepare the recipe for a simple dish, possibly from one of their own countries. They discuss, then write down, the ingredients, and the steps involved, but also make a copy with details in the wrong order. These are then collected and handed out to different groups, who must rearrange the instructions into the correct order and produce their own version, finally comparing it with the correct original.

Teacher sets up the groups and possibly appoints group leaders. Teacher then monitors, noting errors for future revision work and helping with unknown vocabulary.

Plenary Some ingredients/recipes read out to the class. Question and answer on foods and ingredients. Revision of aims and key terms plus mistakes/strong points from group work.
Homework Students write down the recipe for a typical or favourite dish from their own country and bring it to the next lesson for wall display or for small leaflet of recipes (with samples of course, if possible!)
Вадим Бондарь
Вадим Бондарь
Как найти и выбрать тьютора?
Ирина Суханова
Ирина Суханова
здравствуйте! я прохожу курс учитель англ. языка. я отправила тест №1, как долго его будут проверять.
Павел Плахотник
Павел Плахотник
Украина, Днепропетровск
Анатолий Федоров
Анатолий Федоров
Россия, Москва, Московский государственный университет им. М. В. Ломоносова, 1989